Stunned, Alcaraz shouted, “This is my dad!” before hanging up the phone angrily. The sting of the trade was formative – a pain that would affect his career path.
“It made me a good edgy political cartoonist,” Alcaraz says by phone now, speaking from the Los Angeles area. “This is what I draw: my father was treated like a mere machine, not even like a human.”
The powerful and often official forces of inhumanity are often exposed and ridiculed in the art of Alcaraz, 58, who on Tuesday night will be honored at the Library of Congress, becoming the first Latino cartoonist to receive the Herblock Prize. The honor, presented by the Herb Block Foundation, salutes work that reflects the spirit of the legendary Washington Post cartoonist.
Alcaraz, a two-time Pulitzer finalist, says his artistic role is to fight misinformation in these times of polarization: “That’s what we do as cartoonists, cut through the [bull] and expose it.
His last year’s winning portfolio satirizes burning issues such as US-Mexico border abuses, the attempted January 6 insurrection, the school book ban, and farm worker rights. He also tackled pandemic health measures – creating cartoons that make a direct appeal to Latino readers about vaccine hesitancy and by work with entities such as CovidLatino.org and the California Department of Public Health.
“No other political cartoonist working in the United States brings such passion, dedication and brilliance to the fight for fair immigration at the border and justice for the Latino community,” the Herblock award judges said at about Alcaraz’s distinctive perch in political journalism.
Jurors made special mention of Alcaraz’s tribute to ‘Tierra o Muerte (Earth or Die)’, artist Emanuel Martínez’s 1967 work depicting Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata who became iconic during the movement Chicano. They appreciated how Alcaraz replaced Zapata’s rifle with a vaccine needle and titled the image ‘Vacuna o Muerte’ – to create “a work that draws inspiration from the past in order to combat the current pandemic”. (His illustrations often wink at art traditions, including woodcuts and Mexican muralism.)
“Sometimes I’ll try to make an image that can transcend the moment,” Alcaraz says, noting that if this cartoon’s vaccine awareness “just reached the 70-year-old Chicanos of that era, that would be great” — enough to deserve its doing it.
In one work he drew a rope carrying element of the US Border Patrol on horseback in the style of an old engraving – visually evoking viral photo from last year of an officer trying to arrest a Haitian migrant in Texas. In another he depicts migrant children confined to cages during the Trump and Biden administrations, with the sign changed from “cage children” to “immigrant children’s facility.” (“Everyone deserves to be screened” under this “hodgepodge immigration policy,” he explains.)
Alcaraz’s border cartoons are often controversial, as is stark black and white artwork comparing women’s rights under the Taliban to women’s reproductive rights in Texas. Asked about these works, he said: “You make me understand: all my cartoons have a lot of backlash.
Alcaraz grew accustomed to such backlash early on, often when he satirized what he saw around him in and around San Diego.
His parents met in an adult ESL class at Helix High in the area’s East County – his alma mater – and at San Diego State University he became the cartoonist daily newspaper of the main student newspaper. He derided cultural issues as well as aspects of the campus Greek system, until he said his nickname in the mid-1980s newspaper phone list was “Please forward my hate mail”. He says that as a Chicano artist, he drew his strength from MEChA student association and supported the labor efforts of Cesar Chavez.
Alcaraz’s political growth continued while earning his graduate degree in architecture at the University of California, Berkeley. He then moved to the Los Angeles area – where he and his schoolteacher wife raised three children – and pursued entertainment in various forms, including storylines and comedy sketch troupes. He is a writer and consulting producer for the animated series “The Casagrandes”, and was a cultural consultant on Pixar’s “Coco”.
Alcaraz divides his time between Hollywood projects – his comic “La Cucaracha” is in development as an animated series – and cartoons for outlets such as Andrews McMeel Syndication, Daily Kos and Pocho.com.
The former LA Weekly contributor laments the lack of diversity among American newspaper staff political cartoonists. There are relatively few prominent artists of Latino descent doing editorial cartoons, he says: “We’re too spicy for mainstream newspapers, I guess.” Yet he instead embraces the freedom to be political in his comic strip: “If I had a staff job, “La Cucaracha” would be more about burrito jokes than war crimes in Ukraine.
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And pressing on multiple fronts, Alcaraz — a virtual artist-in-residence at Arizona State University — aims to inspire the next generation of increasingly diverse creators.
“They don’t have to be starving artists, and I hope society catches up to that idea,” says Alcaraz, who also illustrated the book. “Latin United States.” “I would be happy if they all became screenwriters or wrote graphic novels.
“You can be true to your culture – and you don’t have to water it down for anyone.”
The Herblock Awards Ceremony will air live at 7 p.m. Tuesday at herbblockfoundation.org. Lalo Alcaraz and NPR host Michel Martin will be the guest speakers.